By Azure Lee
Welcome to Tanzania, a land of breathtaking natural beauty and rich cultural heritage! This East African gem is a must-visit destination for anyone seeking a unique and unforgettable travel experience. If you're looking for adventure, you can explore the Serengeti and witness some of the world's most iconic wildlife. If you're interested in culture, you can immerse yourself in the vibrant local traditions and learn about the country's rich history. And if you're simply seeking relaxation, you can lounge on the stunning beaches of Zanzibar or take in the breathtaking scenery from a mountaintop. Whatever your interests, Tanzania will captivate your senses and leave you with memories to last a lifetime.
In this article, we will take you on a journey through 12 interesting facts about Tanzania, showcasing the country's diverse landscapes, incredible wildlife, and fascinating history. So, pack your bags and get ready to discover the wonders of this East African Gem!
12 Interesting Facts About Tanzania You Probably Didn't Know
Here are some interesting facts about Tanzania that will help you learn more about this treasure of Africa and perhaps even entice you to its beauty.
1. Tanzania has the highest peak in Africa
Tanzania is perhaps best known for Mount Kilimanjaro. It is Africa's highest mountain and the world's highest free-standing mountain. Rising to an elevation of 5,895 meters (19,341 feet), Kilimanjaro is a challenging but popular destination for hikers and climbers from around the world. Almost every type of ecological system, including cultivated land, the rainforest, the alpine desert, and the Arctic peak, can be found in this mountain.
Camping on Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest mountain
2. Ngorongoro Crater is among the best locations to view the Big Five
Ngorongoro Crater, located in the northern region of Tanzania, is a must-visit destination for wildlife enthusiasts. The crater is believed to have been formed by a volcanic explosion and is a unique and fertile valley that is considered to be one of Africa's Seven Natural Wonders. The enclosed nature of the crater has resulted in the development of its own ecosystem, with approximately 25,000 animals living here.
The abundance of wildlife in the Ngorongoro Crater is truly remarkable, with the densest known population of lions in the world. Visitors can also spot buffalo, elephants, leopards, and rhinoceros, along with other well-known African animals such as ostriches, zebras, cheetahs, wildebeests, gazelles, and even hippos. Its picturesque scenery, combined with the opportunity to see some of the world's most incredible animals in their natural habitat, make it one of the most interesting things about Tanzania and an unforgettable safari experience.
3. Swahili is the official language of Tanzania
Swahili is the official language of Tanzania, and it is spoken by over 90% of the population. Swahili is also spoken in other East African countries, including Kenya, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The language is a mixture of Bantu languages and Arabic, and it has become an important lingua franca in East Africa.
Visitors to Tanzania can learn basic Swahili phrases and immerse themselves in the local culture by speaking with locals and trying local foods and customs.
Swahili is the official language of Tanzania
4. Lake Tanganyika is the second-largest freshwater lake in the world
Next on our list of interesting facts about Tanzania is that it is home to Lake Victoria, which is the largest lake in Africa and the second-largest freshwater lake in the world. What’s even more impressive is that it spans four different countries; Tanzania, Burundi, Zambia, and Congo. With at least 50 streams and rivers feeding into the lake, it’s no surprise that it's considered one of the world’s most biologically diverse and valuable habitats.
5. The Great Migration takes place in Tanzania
The Great Migration is the world's greatest overland migration, where over 1.5 million wildebeest, zebras, and gazelles migrate from Tanzania's Serengeti National Park to Kenya's Masai Mara National Reserve in search of green pasture.
The crossing of the Mara River, where vast herds of animals make their way to the Masai Mara while dodging crocodiles and other dangers, is unquestionably the most exciting aspect of the trip.
The Great Migration takes place in Tanzania
6. Tanzania is home to some of the world's most unique and delicious cuisine
Tanzania is a haven for those seeking to explore unique and exotic culinary delights. If you are looking to expand your taste buds and indulge in some exotic flavors, then Tanzania is the perfect destination for you. The country boasts a rich and diverse cuisine, with a variety of wild game and local dishes that are sure to tantalize your senses.
In Tanzania, you will have the opportunity to sample a range of exotic meats such as crocodile, warthog, antelope, and even ostrich. These meats are prepared using traditional methods, which bring out the unique flavors and textures of the meat. Other local favorites include tilapia fish, pilau rice, and samosas, which are all bursting with local spices and flavors.
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7. Baobab trees can easily live for 1000 years
One of the fascinating and fun facts about Tanzania is the presence of baobab trees, which can easily live up to 1,000 years. Tanzania has the largest concentration of baobab trees in the world, with many of them located in Tarangire National Park.
Baobab trees are often referred to as the "upside-down" trees due to their unique appearance, with their branches looking like roots that reach towards the sky. The trees can grow to massive sizes and are capable of storing large amounts of water within their trunks, which allows them to survive in the arid and dry regions of Tanzania.
8. The Zanzibar beaches are regarded as some of the most beautiful beaches in the world
Although beaches may not be the first thing that comes to mind when thinking of an African safari, a visit to the stunning island of Zanzibar is a perfect way to conclude your trip. The beaches of Zanzibar are world-renowned for their breathtaking beauty. With white sandy shores, crystal clear blue waters, and palm trees gently swaying in the breeze, they are widely regarded as some of the most exquisite beaches in the world.
The Zanzibar beaches are regarded as some of the most beautiful beaches in the world
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9. Human fossils from millions of years ago were be found in Lake Olduvai
Lake Olduvai in Tanzania is known for its remarkable collection of human fossils, including the Australopithecus remains that are millions of years old. In fact, this lake holds some of the oldest known evidence of human existence on the planet. Nearby, in the Olduvai Gorge, the world's oldest human skull was discovered. However, the area became more complex when traders from Persia, India, and Arabia arrived in Tanzania.
10. Few people have access to electricity in Tanzania
Tanzania's rural areas have limited access to electricity, which is not a particularly enjoyable fact. With most Tanzanians living in rural areas, only a small percentage, about 7%, have access to electricity.
However, the situation isn't much better in urban centers, where only 24% have access to electricity. This is often due to droughts that affect hydroelectricity, which is the main source of power. As a result, power outages are frequent in Tanzania.
11. Lake Manyara National Park is renowned for its tree-climbing lions
Lake Manyara National Park is a smaller park in Tanzania. But this does not imply that it is any less significant. The park is well-known for its tree-climbing lions in addition to its breathtaking beauty. Also, you can get a chance to watch herds of elephants moving through the forest.
The park is also a bird watcher's paradise, with over 400 species of birds recorded within its borders. Diverse flora and fauna, including over 400 species of birds, hippos, elephants, baboons, and of course, lions, can also be found here. These amazing facts about Tanzania make it an ideal destination for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts.
Lake Manyara National Park is renowned for its tree-climbing lions
12. Tanzania has over 120 different ethnic groups
Tanzania is a culturally diverse country with over 120 different ethnic groups. The largest ethnic group is the Sukuma, followed by the Chagga, Haya, and Nyamwezi. Each ethnic group has its own unique language, customs, and traditions, which add to the richness and diversity of Tanzanian culture.
Get Ready To Explore Tanzania
The interesting facts about Tanzania that we mentioned above may interest you in this East African country. From the vast plains of the Serengeti to the stunning beaches of Zanzibar, there's no shortage of adventure and beauty to be found in this East African gem. With over 120 different ethnic groups and a rich history dating back millions of years, Tanzania is a unique and diverse destination that is sure to leave a lasting impression on any traveler.
To fully enjoy your trip to Tanzania, it's important to have all the necessary documentation. At Tanzania Immigration Services, travelers can apply for a Tanzania eVisa easily without visiting the embassy or consulate. This will ensure a smooth and hassle-free entry into the country. Start planning your trip to Tanzania today and get ready to discover all that this amazing country has to offer!